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Indo-Pak Agreement: 1958

Following two day discussion between Prime Minister of India and Prime Minister of Pakistan in New Delhi from September 9 to 11, 1958, the officials reached at this agreement on outstanding border demarcations
Indo-Pakistan Agreement
dated the 10th September 1958.
Introduction at the beginning of the text.
Text of the Indo-Pakistan Agreement of 10th September 1958. On the invitation of the Prime Minister of India, the Prime Minister of Pakistan visited New Delhi from 9th to 11th September 1958. During this visit, the Prime Ministers of Pakistan and India discussed various Indo- Pakistan border problems with a view to removing causes of tension and establishing peaceful conditions along the Indo-Pakistan border areas. The agreement, the text of which is given in this document, was the result of the talks between the two Prime Ministers.
In accordance with the directives issued by the two Prime Ministers, the Secretaries discussed this morning the following disputes:
West Bengal -Pakistan
(1) Bagge Awards on Disputes I and II
(2) Hilli
(3) Berubari Union No.12.
(4) Demarcation of Indo-Pakistan frontiers so as to include the two chitlands of old Cooch Behar state adjacent of Radcliffe line in West Bengal.
(5) 24 Parganas-Khulna
24 Parganas-Jessore
Boundary disputes
Assam – East Pakistan
(6) Pakistan claim to Bholaganj.
(7) Piyain and Surma – Boundary disputes.
Tripura – East Pakistan
(8) Tripura land under Pakistan Railway and Tripura land to the west of the railway line at Bhagalpur.
(9) Feni river – Boundary dispute.
West Bengal – East Pakistan
(10) Exchange of enclaves of the old Cooch Behar State in Pakistan and Pakistan enclaves in India. Claim to territorial compensation for extra area going to Pakistan.
2. As a result of the discussions, the following agreements were arrived at :
(1) Bagge Awards on disputes I and II. It was agreed that the exchange of territories as a result of demarcation should take place by 15th January 1959.
(2) Hilli. Pakistan Government agrees to drop this dispute. The position will remain as it is at present in accordance with the Award made by Sir Cyril Radcliff and in accordance with the line drawn by him on the map.
(3) Berubari Union No.12. This will be so divided as to give half the area to Pakistan, the other half adjacent to India being retained by India. The division of Berubari Union No.12 will be horizontal, starting from the northeast corner of Debiganj thana. The division should be made in such a manner that the Cooch Behar enclaves between Pachagar thana of East Pakistan and Berubari Union No.12 of Jalpaiguri thana of West Bengal will remain connected as at present with Indian territory and will remain with India. The Cooch Behar enclaves lower down between Boda thana of East Pakistan and Berubari Union No.12 will be ex-changed along with the general exchange of enclaves and will go to Pakistan.
(4) Pakistan Government agree that the two chitlands of the old Cooch Behar State adjacent to Radcliffe line should be included in West Bengal and the Radcliff line should be adjusted accordingly.
(5) 24-Parganas – Khulna
24-Parganas – Jessorej Boundary disputes
It is agreed that the mean of the two respective claims of India and Pakistan should be adopted, taking the river as a guide, as far as possible, in the case of the latter dispute. (Ichhamati river).
(6) Pakistan Government agree to drop their claim on Bholaganj.
(7) Piyain and Surma river regions to be demarcated in accordance with the relevant notifications, cadastral survey maps and, if necessary, record of rights. Whatever the result of this demarcation might be, the nationals of both the Governments to have the facility of navigation on both these rivers.
(8) Government of India agrees to give in perpetual right to Pakistan the land belonging to Tripura State to the west of the railway line as well as the land appurtenant to the railway line at Bhagalpur.
(9) The question of the Feni River to be dealt with separately after further study.
(10) Exchange of old Cooch Behar enclaves in Pakistan and Pakistan enclaves in India without claim to compensation for extra area going to Pakistan, is agreed to.
3. The Secretaries also agreed that the question of giving effect to the exchange of territory, as a result of the demarcation already carried out, should be given early consideration.
Sd/- M. S. A. BAIG Sd/- M.J. DESAI
Foreign Secretary, Commonwealth Secretary,
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministry of External Affairs
and Commonwealth Relations Government of India
Karachi
New Delhi
September 10, 1958

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