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UNSC RESOLUTION: March 14, 1950

Resolution 80 of 1950 Concerning the India-Pakistan question, submitted by the Representatives of Cuba, Norway, United Kingdom and United States and adopted by the Security Council on March 14, 1950.
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THE SECURITY COUNCIL,
Having received and noted the reports of the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan establishing its resolutions 39 (1948) of 20 January and 47 (1948) of 21 April 1948.
Having also received and noted the report of General A. G. L. McNaughton on the outcome of his discussions with the representatives of India and Pakistan which were initiated in pursuance of the decision taken by the Security Council on December 17, 1949, Commending the Governments of India and Pakistan for their statesman like action in reaching the agreements embodied in the United Nations Commission’s resolutions of August 13, 1948 and January 5, 1949 for a cease-fire, for the demilitarisation of the State of Jammu and Kashmir and for the determination of its final disposition in accordance with the will of the people through the democratic method of a free and impartial plebiscite, and commending the parties in particular for their action in partially implementing these Resolutions by

(1) The cessation of hostilities effected January 1, 1949,

(2) The establishment of a cease-fire line on July 27, 1949, and

(3) The agreement that Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz shall be Plebiscite Administrator,

Considering that the resolution of the outstanding difficulties should be based upon the substantial measure of agreement of fundamental principles already reached, and that steps should be taken forthwith for the demilitarisation of the State and for the expeditious determination of its future in accordance with the freely expressed will of the inhabitants,

1. Calls upon the Governments of India and Pakistan to make immediate arrangements, without prejudice to their rights or claims and with due regard to the requirements of law and order, to prepare and execute within a period of five months from the date of this resolution a programme of demilitarisation on the basis of the principles of paragraph 2 of General McNaughton proposal or of such modifications of those principles as may be mutually agreed;

2. Decides to appoint a United Nations Representative for the following purposes who shall have authority to perform his functions in such place or places as he may deem appropriate;

(a) to assist in the preparation and to supervise the implementation of the programme of
demilitarisation referred to above and’ to interpret the agreements reached by the parties for demilitarisation;

(b) to place himself at the disposal of the Governments of India and Pakistan and to place
before those Governments or the Security Council any suggestions which, in his opinion, are likely to contribute to the expeditious and enduring solution of the dispute which has arisen between the two Governments in regard to the State of Jammu and Kashmir; to exercise all of the powers and responsibilities devolving upon the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan by reason of existing resolutions of the Security Council and by reason of the agreement of the parties embodied in the Resolutions of the United Nations Commission of August 13, 1948 and January 5, 1949; to arrange at the appropriate stage of demilitarization for the assumption by the Plebiscite Administrator of the functions assigned to the latter under agreements made between the parties; to report to the Security Council as he may consider necessary, submitting his conclusions and any recommendations which he may desire to make;

3. Requests the two Governments to take all necessary precautions to ensure that (heir agreements regarding the cease-fire shall continue to be faithfully observed, and “calls upon them to take all possible measures to ensure the creation and maintenance of ‘in atmosphere favourable to the promotion of further negotiations;

4. Extends its best thanks to the members of the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan and to General A. G. L. McNaughton for their arduous and fruitful labours;

5. Agrees that the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan shall be (terminated, and decides that this shall take place one month after both parties have informed the United Nations Representative of their acceptance of the transfer to him the powers and responsibilities of the United Nations Commission referred to in paragraph 2 (c) above.

The Security Council voted on this Resolution on 14-3-50 with the following result:
In favour: China, Cuba, Ecuador, Egypt, France, Norway, U.K. and U.S.A.
Against: None
Abstaining: India and Yugoslavia
Absent. U.S.S.R.

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